Treat “the” as part of a publication’s title (capitalizing, italicizing, including in quotes, as appropriate) only when so treated by the publication in question; check the masthead to be sure.
Synonym that can be used interchangeably for junior. Hyphenate the adjective: He is in his third year; he is a third-year student.
Constructions indicating a range (of time, for example, or other inclusive numbers) use an en dash, not a hyphen: 7–10 p.m.; 1995–1997; A–F; pages 211–15. See also from.
Users of English disagree on how to form the possessive of singular nouns ending in “s.” AP adds only an apostrophe to singular proper nouns ending in “s” (Charles’ book); other style guides take other approaches. Be consistent within the publication.
No hyphen; adjective only. Avoid in print the noun “postdoc,” informal academic jargon for a postdoctoral position or research or funding, or for someone engaged in postdoctoral work.
No hyphen; adjective only. Avoid “postgrad.”
Follow AP style: The rules of prefixes apply, but in general do not use a hyphen when forming a compound that does not have special meaning and can be understood if not is used before the base word. Use a hyphen, however, before proper nouns or in awkward combinations, such as non-nuclear.
Hyphenate the adjective: UGA is a land-grant institution.
One word in all uses.